Josep Borrell: Turkey must ratify UN Convention on the Law of the Sea


“Turkey must sign and ratify the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea,” he said. Josep Borrell, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, in his question Manoli Kefalogianni.

The ND MEP had raised issues regarding her stance Turkey and had asked to be informed of the actions which the Commission intended to take. As he had stressed, on the one hand, Turkey remains, although it is one acceding country in the EU, even today one of the few countries that have not signed and ratified the Convention on Law of the Sea of the United Nations. An International Convention that constitutes an acquis communautaire as they have signed it all EU Member States but also the European Union itself as an International Organization.

On the other hand, Turkey proceeded with the demarcation Exclusive Economic Zone with Libya with the illegal and invalid Turkish-Libyan memorandum challenging Article 121 of the Convention on the Law of the Sea and dispossessing the sovereign right of the Greek islands to an EEZ.

In his catalytic reply, Mr Borrell, on behalf of the Commission, explicitly states that Turkey’s obligation to sign and ratify the Convention on the Law of the Sea:

“Turkey is a candidate country for EU membership and therefore must harmonize its national legislation with the acquis of the European Union, of which the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is a part.”

While for the Turkish-Libyan memorandum explicitly states: “As stated in the Commission’s Annual Report on Turkey, the Maritime Demarcation Agreements and the Turkey-Libya Military Agreements of 2019 are considered by the European Union to be violate the sovereign rights of third countries“do not comply with customary international law as codified by UNCLOS and have no legal effect on third countries.”

Source: ΑΠΕ – ΜΠΕ  

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