They increased by 58% the new asylum applications in EU in September 2021, compared to September 2020, while compared to August 2021, asylum applications increased by 21%, according to the data of Eurostat released today.
In September 2021, around 60,800 asylum seekers first applied for international protection in the EU Member States, up from 38,600 in September 2020 and 50,200 in August 2021.
According to Eurostat, last September was the first month during the COVID-19 pandemic where the number of applications exceeded the last pre-epidemic level of February 2020 (55,700).
In addition, in September 2021, there were 8,600 people who re-applied for asylum following a decision made on a previous application. This is an increase of 31% compared to August 2021.
Most new asylum applications in the EU were submitted in September 2021 by Afghan nationals (13,800 first-time applicants). They were followed by Syrians (8,700), Iraqis and Bangladeshis (2,700 from both countries), Turks (2,500) and Pakistanis (2,400).
The number of international protection applications submitted by Afghans increased by 63% compared to August 2021 and accounted for almost a quarter of all first asylum applications in the EU in September 2021.
Most applicants apply for asylum in Germany for the first time with almost a quarter (23%) of all first-time applicants in the EU, followed by France (21%), Italy (10%) and Spain (10%). Together, these four Member States accounted for almost two thirds of all new asylum applications in the EU.
Lithuania, Poland and Italy recorded the largest relative increase in asylum seekers for the first time in September 2021 compared to September 2020 (1,011%, 772% and 493% respectively).
Finally, according to Eurostat, in September 2021, around 2,800 unaccompanied minors applied for asylum in the EU for the first time. The number has more than doubled since January 2021 (1,300). Austria (660), Belgium (390) and the Netherlands (300) were the three Member States with the highest number of asylum applications from unaccompanied minors.