USA: How much did life expectancy decrease in 2020 due to COVID-19

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COVID-19 was the third leading cause of death in the US in 2020

For more than a year and a half in 2020 the life expectancy of Americans decreased compared to the previous year. This is an unprecedented shrinkage for 75 years, mainly due to the new coronavirus pandemic.

At birth, Americans’ life expectancy declined 78.8 years in 2019 to 77 in 2020, according to definitive data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the main US federal public health service. The agency had already released preliminary data for this index in July.

COVID-19 was the third leading cause of death in the US in 2020, with 350,000 dead – behind cardiovascular diseases and the cancer, according to the data of the service,

After all, the difference in life expectancy between men and women deepened, going from 5.1 years in 2019 to 5.7 in 2020 (74.2 for men, compared to 79.9 for women in 2020).

The data were released following estimates released Tuesday by the US Census Bureau, which showed that the US population growth rate slowed in 2020 to the lowest level ever recorded.

The pandemic is proving to be accelerating pre-existing trends, with fewer births and more deaths. Between July 2020 and July 2021, U.S. population growth reached only 0.1%, according to the Census Bureau.

The US population now stands at 331.9 million.

“Population growth has been slowing for years due to the decrease in the fertility rate and reducing immigration from abroad“While the mortality rate is rising due to the aging of the country’s population,” summed up Christie Wilder, a demographer at the census bureau.

“With the impact of the new coronavirus pandemic, this combination has led to a historically slow growth rate,” he added.

Won and lost states

Another consequence of the pandemic: some states, especially western, saw their inhabitants to they increase, sometimes spectacular, while those in the northeastern part of the country, much more urbanized, saw their population shrink.

The Texas thus recorded, in absolute terms, the highest increase (+ 1.1%), mainly thanks to the 170,000 people who went there from other states and decided to settle.

The Idaho attracted almost 49,000 new residents who moved from other states and recorded the highest increase in proportion to the population (+ 2.9%).

On the other hand, its state New York saw its population shrink, falling below the 20 million mark (–1.6%). More than 352,000 people decided to leave this state for another.

The federal capital, the Washington, suffered the greatest population decline percentage (–2.9%).

Note that these numbers are estimates based on data collected from the 2020 ten-year census, birth, death certificates and immigration data.

The 2020 census, however, ran into serious problems, partly because of the new coronavirus pandemic and partly because of the methodological changes demanded by former President Donald Trump. Trump.

These data are needed to determine the electoral division of the 50 US states as well as the distribution of tens of billions of dollars of federal funds intended specifically for hospitals and schools. They also allow the specific weight of each state to be defined in the House of Representatives.

SOURCE: ΑΠΕ-ΜΠΕ

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