North Korea and South Korea, along with the United States and China, have reached an agreement in principle to formally end hostilities on the Korean Peninsula, which began in 1950.
The Korean War, which began shortly after the end of World War II, typically lasted three years (until 1953) and resulted in the division of the peninsula.
However, it was never officially concluded, as the countries involved refused to declare its end. In other words, this is the longest-running war in modern history.
In accordance with BBC, the president of South Korea was the one who personally took over the case, believing that the official cessation of hostilities would help improve relations with North Korea.
However, despite significant progress and agreement in principle, much work is still needed, mainly due to Pyongyang’s demands.
What North Korea wants
According to the same report, in September, the sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, who has a major influence in determining Kim Jong-un’s policy, called for an end to hostilities on the condition that the US withdraw “Hostile stance” against North Korea.
North Korea has consistently opposed the presence of US forces in South Korea, joint military exercises between the United States and South Korea each year, and US sanctions over North Korea’s weapons program.
For its part, the United States – while agreeing on the first two – has objected to North Korea’s third condition, saying it would not be accepted unless Pyongyang halted its nuclear weapons program.
“Because of these, we can not yet sit at the table or negotiate a declaration of an end to the war,” the South Korean president said on Monday.
What happened in the Korean War
It is recalled that the war of 1950 began when 75,000 communist soldiers from the North crossed the 38th parallel (it was defined as the border of the two regions) and entered the territory of South Korea.
US troops rushed to the aid of the South Koreans, while the North Koreans had the support of China and the Soviet Union.
The bloodshed stopped informally in July 1953, following an agreement between the United States and North Korea.
A total of 5 million people lost their lives during the conflict.