The mouth, with larynx and pharynxis part of upper aero-digestive tract cancers (VADS), also called ENT cancers. According to the Cancer League, 21,000 new cases appear each year in France, of which 30% are oral cancers.
This pathology affects the entire oral area: lips, gums, cheeks, tongue, palate or throat.
Oral cancer: risk factors
The men are very widely affected by this cancer, especially after the age of 40. A excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco can also greatly promote its appearance. She would be responsible for 90% of cases. Some occupations are also likely be more dangerousas the League Against Cancer explains: “The risks are further increased if you exercise a profession exposing you to the inhalation of dust (wood dust, asbestos dust, etc.) or toxic substances (nickel derivatives, sulfuric acid vapours, hydrocarbons, paints…).”
A poor oral health can also increase the risk of developing the disease.
Oral cancer: the importance of early detection
According to a Public Health France study conducted between 2010 and 2015, the 5-year survival rates for oral cancer are 44% in men and 56% in women. However, they are even higher if oral cancer tumors are treated rapidly. However in many cases the diagnosis is much too late : “too many people show up too late because they do not have regular oral exams”, explains the English association Oral Health Foundation on its website.
In addition, during the early stages of the disease, the cancer is asymptomatic. It is therefore important to visit a dentist regularly. . As a reminder, it is advisable to carry out a check-up at least once a year. The dentist will check during this visit if there are no worrying signs.
Furthermore, it is also recommended to monitor your mouth daily. As the English association reminded us, certain warning signs are visible on a daily basis : “An oral cancer check can be done at home and it takes less than a minute.”
The foundation shared the 5 warning signs of the disease, which must be researched and encourage you to make an appointment with a health professional. Mediste details them in pictures: