Almost five million jobs have been lost in Ukraine since the start of the Russian aggression, according to a new study by the International Labor Organization (ILO).
The study assures that, if the hostilities intensified, the lost jobs would increase to seven million. However, if the fighting ceased immediately, a quick recovery would be possible, with the return of 3.4 million jobs.
Of the total refugee population, which is close to six million, approximately 2.75 million are of working age. Of these, 43.5%, that is, 1.2 million, previously worked and have lost or left their jobs.
In response to this situation, the Government of Ukraine has made considerable efforts to keep the national social protection system operational, ensuring the payment of benefits, including to internally displaced persons, through the use of digital technologies.
The crisis in Ukraine can also affect neighboring countries, mainly Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. If the Ukrainian refugees are forced to remain in exile for a longer time, there would be greater pressure on the labor market and social protection systems of these neighboring states and an increase in unemployment in many of them.
The UN condemns the murder of two journalists in Mexico…
The Offices in Mexico of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (UN-DH) and UN Women condemned the murders of the journalists Yessenia Mollinedo Falconi and Sheila Johana García Olivera in the state of Veracruz and asked for “protective measures”.
Mollinedo directed the digital portal El Veraz and García worked as a camerawoman for the same outlet. They died after being attacked with firearms, on the afternoon of May 9, in the municipality of Cosoleacaque, Veracruz.
Their bodies were found in the parking lot of a convenience store.
These events occurred a few days after the murder of journalist Luis Enrique Ramírez Ramos in Culiacán, Sinaloa.
The murder of three journalists in just one week “reflects the seriousness of the context of insecurity and violence in which journalists in Mexico must carry out their important work,” the UN offices said in the statement.
The attack against the two women also recalls that it is “essential to integrate a gender perspective both in the judicial investigation and in the protection measures,” they added.
In Mexico, the Human Rights Office has documented the murder of nine journalists and one media worker in the first five months of this year. In 2021, eight journalists and two guards from a media outlet were killed and two other journalists disappeared.
The UN agencies reiterated the “vital” importance of ending impunity for material and intellectual authors.
…and Palestinian reporter Shireen Abu Akleh
The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and UNESCO condemned the murder of Palestinian journalist Shireen Abu Akleh while covering an Israeli military operation in Jenin, Palestine.
The office is on the ground verifying the facts and calls for “an independent and transparent investigation.” “Impunity must end,” they added in a message on their Twitter account.
According to media reports, the reporter was shot in the neck even though he was wearing a vest with the word “press” on it.
“The killing of a clearly identified media worker in a conflict zone is a violation of international law”, said the director general of UNESCO, Audrey Azoulay
The coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, Tor Wennesland, strongly condemned the death and called for “those responsible to be held accountable”. “Media workers should never be targeted,” he recalled.
In the same sense, the humanitarian coordinator, Lynn Hasting, said that what happened shows the dangers that journalists face every day.
Meeting with the Taliban to ask for more rights for women
The Secretary-General’s special representative in Afghanistan has met with Taliban leaders to discuss the rights of women and girls following the latest restrictions.
The Taliban have arranged for women they must wear a face covering in public and stay homeleaving only in cases of need. In addition, since last September, lGirls cannot go to secondary school.
“In her meetings, Special Representative Deborah Lyons called for women’s rights to be expanded rather than restricted, for secondary schools to reopen for girls, and for women to be able to fully participate in public life,” said the Secretary-General’s spokesperson. Farhan Haq.