There are two major types of skin cancer : them carcinomas and the melanomas. Carcinomas are the most common skin cancers. “They generally occur after the age of 50, on exposed areas of the body (face, neck, shoulders, forearms, legs, etc.). They are most often due to exposure to Sun excessive and chronic”, underlines the National Institute of Cancer.
If cutaneous melanoma is rarer, it is more serious because of its high potential metastaticthat is, its ability to quickly spread to other parts of the body.
The latter can manifest itself on any part of the body, including the scalp. It is found quite frequently on the trunk in men and on the legs in women. Exposure to the sun is the main risk factor, especially when it is intense, repeated, without protection.
Melanoma: early diagnosis is the key to chances of survival
The chances of recovery in case of malignant melanoma will depend on the rapidity of the diagnostic.
In order to raise public awareness, the Dr. Charlotte Probyprofessor of dermatology at Ninewells Hospital & Medical School in Dundee (Scotland) shares several clues to better spot the symptoms melanoma as soon as possible.
“We are concerned that the symptoms are so little known that patients are reluctant to see a doctor if they notice signs of potential melanoma on their skin, Dr Proby told our English colleagues from the Daily Record. Early diagnosis is key to the chances of survival for people with skin cancer. If it can be detected before it spreads, patient outcomes are dramatically improved.”
Skin cancers are the most frequent cancers with more than 100,000 new cases annually in France. Among them, melanoma accounts for less than 10% of cases.
“Symptoms that reflect early melanoma include change in size, shape, or color of a mole new or existing, especially if this change happens quite quickly over weeks or just a few months”, describes Dr. Proby. Several experts talk about the “ABCDE” method to detect symptoms. This memo-technical means is a way to keep in mind the signals that should alert. The editorial staff presents them to you in pictures.