In 2020, 69 million people suffered from malnutrition in the Arab worldwhere one third of the 420 million inhabitants do not have access to adequate nutrition, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (WFP) said today (FAO).
Between 2019 and 2020, 4.8 million people in the Arab world suffered from malnutrition, “in all social classes and in countries affected or not by a conflict,” the FAO said.
He added, however, that the two most affected countries remain Somalia, where 59.5% of the population suffers from famine, while the fragile federal government faces a jihadist uprising since 2007 and Yemen, which has been at war for seven years, where famine affects 45.4% of the population.
Yemen also holds a sad record of anemia, which in 2020 affected 61.5% of women of childbearing potential.
In addition to these serious cases, “approximately 141 million people did not have access to adequate nutrition, ie 10 million more than in 2019,” the UN report said.
With this new increase, famine has increased by 91.1% in the Arab world over the past 20 years, according to the FAO.
He is also associated with public health problems: 20.5% of children in the area under the age of five have developmental delays and 10.7% of them are overweight.
The issue of adult obesity is also increasingly a concern in the Arab world, with a steady increase since 2000, according to the FAO.
In 2020, it reached 28.8%, more than double the global average of 13.1%.
The most affected countries are the richest, led by the Gulf, with the largest percentage (37.4%) being recorded in Kuwait.